High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is a primary risk factor that increases your risk for stroke, heart attack, coronary artery disease and more.
Hypertension Risk Factors
- Age: Hypertension risk increases around age 45.
- Alcohol use: Two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women can increase hypertension risk.
- Family history: This condition may run in families.
- Race: Studies have shown that people of African descent have a higher risk of developing hypertension than Caucasians.
- Sedentary lifestyle: If you lead an inactive lifestyle, your chances of hypertension are higher than someone who engages in regular physical activity.
- Sodium diet: A diet full of sodium increases fluid retention which can raise your blood pressure levels.
- Smoking: Smoking cigarettes can temporarily increase your blood pressure levels and damage the lining of your artery walls.
- Stress: Stress, whether it’s temporary or chronic can lead to hypertension.
- Weight: Being overweight or obese forces your heart to work harder and therefore raises your risk of hypertension.
Hypertension Prevention Tips
- Eat a Healthy Diet: Choose healthy meal and snack options to help you avoid high blood pressure and its complications.
- Keep Yourself at a Healthy Weight: Talk with our health care team about ways to reach a healthy weight.
- Be Physically Active: The Physical Activity Guidelines recommends that adults get at least 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking or bicycling, every week.
- Do Not Smoke: If you do not smoke, do not start. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk for heart disease. Our medical team can suggest ways to help you quit.
- Limit Your Alcohol Intake: Men should have no more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day, and women should have no more than 1 alcoholic drink per day.
- Get Enough Sleep: Getting enough sleep is important to your overall health, and enough sleep is part of keeping your heart and blood vessels healthy.
- Reduce Stress: Look for ways to bring your stress level down.
Oasis Medical Group offers comprehensive medical care for prevention or hypertension and other risk factors of stroke and heart disease. Book an appointment today.